This month may well mark a milestone in the life of the US Church: on Nov. 11, in his final Presidential Address to the US Conference of Catholic Bishops, Cardinal Timothy Dolan of New York called on his brother bishops to make action on behalf of the suffering and persecuted Church around the world “a priority”—“not one good cause among others,” as the Cardinal put it, “but a defining element of our pastoral priorities.”
Important as the fight for religious freedom is in the US—in the face of the government requiring that employers cover birth control, for example—the Cardinal said, such battles “pale in comparison” to the suffering of Christians in countries such as China, Egypt, Syria, Pakistan and Nigeria. “If our common membership in the mystical body of Christ is to mean anything, then their suffering must be ours as well,” the archbishop said.
We are greatly encouraged by and deeply grateful for the Cardinal’s fiery speech. We salute him also for including Aid to the Church in Need among organizations preforming “heroic work” on behalf of the persecuted and suffering Church. Here follows the Cardinal’s talk in full:
Just last August, I had the honor of concelebrating the Mass of Dedication for the Cathedral of the Resurrection in Kiev. A particularly moving moment came when Metropolitan Shevchuk asked the Lord’s protective hand upon believers suffering persecution for their faith anywhere in the world. That such a heartfelt plea came from a people who had themselves been oppressed for so long made it all the more poignant.
This morning I want to invite us to broaden our horizons, to “think Catholic” about our brothers and sisters in the faith now suffering simply because they sign themselves with the cross, bow their heads at the Holy Name of Jesus, and happily profess the Apostles’ Creed.
Brother bishops, our legitimate and ongoing struggles to protect our “first and most cherished freedom” in the United States pale in comparison to the Via Crucis currently being walked by so many of our Christian brothers and sisters in other parts of the world, who are experiencing lethal persecution on a scale that defies belief. If our common membership in the mystical body of Christ is to mean anything, then their suffering must be ours as well.
The new Archbishop of Canterbury has rightly referred to victims of Christian persecution as “martyrs.” We are living in what must be recognized as, in the words of Blessed John Paul II, “a new age of martyrs.” One expert calculates that half of all Christian martyrs were killed in the twentieth century alone. The twenty-first century has already seen in its first 13 years one million people killed around the world because of their belief in Jesus Christ – – one million already in this still young century.
That threat to religious believers is growing. The Pew Research Center reports that 75 percent of the world’s population “lives in countries where governments, social groups, or individuals restrict people’s ability to freely practice their faith.” Pew lays out the details of this “rising tide of restrictions on religion,” but we don’t need a report to tell us something we sadly see on the news every day.
While Muslims and Christians have long lived peacefully side-by-side in Zanzibar, for instance, this past year has seen increasing violence. Catholic churches have been burned and priests have been shot. In September one priest was the victim of a horrific acid attack. Nigeria has also been the site of frequent anti-Christian violence, including church bombings on our holiest days.
The situation in India has also been grave, particularly after the Orissa massacre of 2008, where hundreds of Christians were murdered and thousands displaced, and thousands of homes and some 400 churches were torched. Just recently, a Christian couple was recently attacked by an angry mob just because of their faith, their Bibles torn from their hands.
We remember our brothers and sisters in China, where Catholic bishops and other religious leaders are subject to state supervision and imprisonment. Conditions are only getting worse, as the government closes churches and subjects members of several faiths to forced renunciations, so-called re-education, and torture.
Of course, it’s not just Christians who suffer from religious persecution, but believers in other faiths as well. Much religious persecution is committed by Muslims against other Muslims. Buddhists in Tibet suffer under government torture and repression. In Myanmar Muslims suffer at the hands of Buddhist mobs. All of us share apprehension over reports of rising anti-Semitism.
But there is no escaping the fact that Christians are singled out in far more places and far more often.
I don’t have to tell anyone in this room that our brothers and sisters in the Middle East face particular trials. As Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople has observed, for Christians in the Middle East, “even the simple admission of Christian identity places the very existence of [the] faithful in daily threat…Exceptionally extreme and expansive occurrences of violence and persecution against Christians cannot leave the rest of us – who are blessed to live peacefully and in some sense of security – indifferent and inactive.”
The humanitarian catastrophe that continues to unfold in Syria has been particularly close to our hearts these past few months. We’ve prayed for and stood in solidarity with the Church and the people of Syria, and with Pope Francis and the bishops of the Middle East in their call for peace.
It’s no surprise that this violent and chaotic situation has bred even more religious persecution. Of course we’re all familiar with Syria’s venerable history as the place from which our faith spread to the rest of the world, and Syria has long been home to a sizable Christian minority. Yet those Christians who have remained in Syria face ever-present, rising threats of violence.
Last April two of our Orthodox brother bishops were kidnapped in Aleppo by gunmen as they returned from a humanitarian mission. Their driver was shot and killed. And a little less than a year ago an Orthodox priest from Hama was killed by a sniper while helping the wounded. Similarly tragic violence against believers is now commonplace.
Just as Syrian Christians have suffered from the war raging in their land, the war in Iraq has devastated that ancient Christian community in that country as well. As Bishop Shlemon Warduni of Iraq tearfully told us during our spring assembly in 2012, remember, the situation of Christians there “became a tragedy of immense proportions after 2003,” with many religious and lay faithful tortured and killed.
Violent attacks continue to terrorize the Iraqi people. Just a little over a year ago the war’s worst massacre of Iraqi Christians occurred in a brutal attack on Our Lady of Salvation Church in Baghdad, where some 58 believers were massacred. Those martyred for their faith included their parish priest who died holding a crucifix, forgiving the gunmen and asking him to spare his people.
The situations in Syria and Iraq wrench our hearts, but the plight of Christians in Egypt is no better. This past summer saw the serious escalation of violence against our brothers and sisters there, as the ancient Coptic Christian community has been targeted. Dozens of Coptic churches have been burned; Christian-owned businesses and hotels have been attacked; and individual believers have been murdered.
To take one example, John Allen reports that in August, “hundreds of Muslim extremists stormed a school run by Franciscan sisters in … Upper Egypt, where they reportedly raped two teachers. Three nuns were paraded before the crowd as prisoners of war.” It was only through the intervention of a Muslim lay teacher that other sisters’ lives were spared.
We as bishops, as shepherds of one of the most richly blessed communities of faith on the planet, as pastors who have spoken with enthusiastic unity in defense of our own religious freedom, must become advocates and champions for these Christians whose lives literally hang in the balance.
Pope Francis recently invited us all to an examination of conscience in this regard during his General Audience on September 25:
“When I hear that so many Christians in the world are suffering, am I indifferent, or is it as if a member of my own family is suffering? When I think or hear it said that many Christians are persecuted and give their lives for their faith, does this touch my heart or does it not reach me? Am I open to that brother or that sister in my family who’s giving his or her life for Jesus Christ? Do we pray for one another? How many of you pray for Christians who are persecuted? How many? Everyone respond in his own heart. It’s important to look beyond one’s own fence, to feel oneself part of the Church, of one family of God!”
I am convinced that we have to answer those questions of Pope Francis, not merely as individual believers, but collectively as a body of bishops.
So you ask me, what can we do? Without any pretense of being exhaustive, here are some ideas I’d like to lay before you, with a nod to John Allen and his recent compelling work on this topic.
First, we can encourage intercession for the persecuted. Remember how the “prayers for the conversion of Russia” at the end of Masses over a half-century ago shaped our sense of what was going on behind the Iron Curtain? A similar culture of prayer for persecuted Christians today, both in private and in our liturgical celebrations, could have a similar remedial effect.
We can also make people aware of the great suffering of our brothers and sisters with all the means at our disposal. Our columns, our blogs, our speeches, and our pastoral letters can reference the subject. We can ask our pastors to preach on it, and to stimulate study sessions or activist groups in their parishes. We can encourage our Catholic media to tell the stories of today’s new martyrs, unfortunately abudndant. Our good experience defending religious freedom here at home shows that, when we turn our minds to an issue, we can put it on the map. Well, it’s time to harness that energy for our fellow members of the household of faith hounded for their beliefs around the world.
We know the importance of supporting organizations such as Aid to the Church in Need, the Catholic Near East Welfare Association, Catholic Relief Services, and the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, who have done heroic work, while among our Protestant brothers and sisters groups such as Open Doors make a similar contribution. Writers such as Nina Shea, Paul Marshall, John Allen, and Phillip Jenkins here in the United States help keep the issue alive, as does our own Committee on International Justice and Peace.
Finally, we can insist that our country’s leaders make the protection of at-risk Christians abroad a foreign-policy priority for the United States. We can also cajole political leaders to be more attentive to the voices of Christians on the ground, since those Christians will certainly feel the consequences of whatever the West does or doesn’t do. As Dr. Thomas Farr reminded us at our spring meeting a couple summers ago, the protection of religious freedom abroad, and advocacy of oppressed believers, has hardly been a high foreign policy priority for administrations of either party.
In general, my brothers, we can make supporting the suffering Church a priority – – not one good cause among others, but a defining element of our pastoral priorities. As historians of this conference know, speaking up for suffering faithful abroad has been a hallmark of our soon-to-be-century of public advocacy of the gospel by the conference of bishops in this beloved country we are honored to call our earthly home.
Protecting religious freedom will be a central social and political concern of our time, and we American bishops already have made very important contributions to carrying it forward. Now we are being beckoned – – by history, by Pope Francis, by the force of our own logic and the ecclesiology of communion – – to extend those efforts to the dramatic front lines of this battle, where Christians are paying for their fidelity with their lives. As the Council reminded us, we are bishops not only for our dioceses, not only for our nation, but for the Church universal.
May all the blessed martyrs, ancient and new, pray for us, as we try to be confessors of the faith.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )
It’s hard to miss the news today: in Pakistan earlier this month, more than 80 people died in a bomb attack on a Protestant Church; last weekend, assailants killed three members of a Christian wedding party in Egypt; in Syria, Jihadists are ever more brazen in their determination to target Christians. But, still, President Obama and other leaders in the West—though remembering the victims and acknowledging the evil in passing—are not making any concerted effort to make this particular slaughter of innocents a foreign policy priority.
However, at least here in the US, a new book may help tilt matters in the right direction. The National Catholic Reporter’s well-known reporter John Allen just published “The Global War on Christians—Dispatches from the Front Lines of Anti-Christian Persecution” (Image). Aid to the Church in Need is grateful to John for his generous acknowledgement of our organization as a key player when it comes to supporting the suffering and persecuted Church, and as an important resource for his exhaustive research and reporting.
The book—which could serve as a policy primer for both Western politicians and religious leaders, even as it educates the lay audience as well—sets out to give the lie to a number of what the author labels as pernicious myths: “the myth that Christians are at risk only where they’re a minority; “the myth that no one saw it coming;” “the myth that it’s all about Islam;” “the myth that it is only persecution if the motives are religious;” and “the myth that anti-Christian persecution is a political issue.”
Significantly, John opens the book with a reflection on why, indeed, governments and even Western religious institutions have been so silent in the face of the global persecution of Christians. “On the whole,” he writes, “the war on Christians remains the world’s best-kept secret.” He cites the Catholic Patriarch of Jerusalem Fouad Twal, who reflects on the ever worsening plight of Arab Christians in the Middle East: “Does anybody hear our cry? How many atrocities must we endure before somebody, somewhere, comes to our aid?”
John cites a number of reasons for the silence on the part of the secular world: there is an overall ignorance of religious issues, as well as a “reflexive hostility to institutional religion … [and people] conditioned by such views are inclined to see Christianity as the agent of repression, not its victim.” Then there is the fact that “the war on Christians is also simply too far away.” Moreover, the author writes, persecuted Christians fall through the cracks of the left-right divide—they are too Christian for liberals and too foreign for conservatives.
In the end, secular inaction might be expected, John suggests, but what about the relative silence of mainstream Western Christianity? One key reason, he writes, is that Christians in the US and Western Europe have no personal experience of persecution, plus there is the “broad tendency” in the West to “see the primary function as promoting inner peace and tranquility.” Dwelling on the often incredibly cruel treatment of Christians abroad is simply not very pleasant and hence easily avoided.
Then there is the heavy investment in interfaith initiatives on the part of mainstream Christianity in the West, which has produced what John calls “the risk of ‘interfaith correctness’” that basically avoids confrontation with the world of Islam or Hinduism. Finally, the author points the finger at “a distressing share of Christian time and treasure today [being] eaten up by internal battles, making it difficult to galvanize a unified response on anything.”
We heartily salute John upon the publication of this powerful and important book. We join him in calling on all Christians and people of good will to “wake up”—as the back of the book jacket urges—to the plight of the suffering and persecuted Church. On countless occasions, our founder, Father Werenfried van Straaten, insisted upon a truth that John here gives a dynamic, contemporary spin: Christians in the West are called to come to the aid of persecuted and suffering brothers and sisters, with whom they form one body in Christ—the gift of faith comes with a huge responsibility.
Please click here for information and a sample chapter from “The Global War on Christians—Dispatches from the Front Lines of Anti-Christian Persecution.”Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )
A news story on our website demonstrates the importance of the support Aid to the Church in Need provides to struggling churches throughout the world. Bishop Aziz Mina of Egypt said that the extensive help of Aid to the Church in Need was essential for the survival of his small parish of 5,000 Coptic Catholics. He highlighted the Catholic charity’s support for formation of seminarians, Mass stipends, training of Sisters, Child’s Bibles and other catechesis. “Few organizations of Church.” There is much more to be done and we are grateful for our supporters who make our work possible. Click here for the full story.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )